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Sivota Galliko Molos

“Sivota remains an unspoilt Greek Resort that becomes your own Village after only one week of stay. Do not tell too many friends about it.”   Mike Hyde,Llandudno,N.Wales U.K. 

“Sivota is an elegant and picturesque village,caught between the mountains and the sea.A sparkling bay makes the port curve,where restaurants and bars welcome visitors with fine meals and refreshments.A walk through the village offers a chorus of shops of which Peter’s Art Gallery entices the shopper with a wide range of unique and beautiful articles of jewellery and art”Constance Scrafield Danby     Journalist/Author      Palgrave,Ontario,Canadα

Peters Art Gallery.Exclusive Jewellery and soulfull paintings.Unique and unexpected.    James Challd      Hull     UK

                 

Where to eat in Sivota……Resauants

 

 
Sivota oldtimers square rig yachts
enjoy the unique atmosphere of sailing aboard an oldtimer square rig yacht.contact for information:
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Ancient Elina 2

 

     

                  ENCIENT ELINA 2

Ancient"Elina", dates back to the 4th century BC. It was a colony

of the ancient Corinthians.It is situated at the top of the

southern hill of "Karavostasi" the walls going down to the sea

once a port. You can also walk up to the hill from Karavostasi beach.

 

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View of Karavostasi beach from the encient city

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 A south-west view from Elina

 

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Part of the north wall.Also you can see "Sivota islands" in the backround

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Parga

       history of parga           Parga photo-page 2          how to return to sivota

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Parga/from the castle

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Parga/Ag.kiriaki

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Parga/street scene

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Parga /Venetian castle

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Parga /view from the castle

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Valtos  beach

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Parga 2

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History of Parga

             HISTORY OF PARGA


Parga this divine land, attracted the attention of gods and daemons.
The icon of Mother Mary along with the multiple memories of fleeing the settlement of Paleoparga, situated at the facing mountain called Petzovolio, to  the cave outside the castle, convinced the inhabitants to settle on the rock, where today the castle stands.

Loved by the virgin Mary, and earlier by Mars, the period of her free life will end on the 15th of April 1819.

Archeological finds, written scripts of the past and legend confirm that human activity was present in this region from antiquity.  

The Neolithic flint stone that was found in an olive plantation, the domed shaped Minoan grave found on the property of Souida, the ancient wall segment found outside the grounds of the Venetian castle along with a foundation stone which constituted part of an ancient dock on the western side of Valtos bay, which unfortunately was covered by rocks to build a marina, the rectangular shaped graves on the road close to Anthousa, all undoubtedly prove the existence of human civilization in the region throughout antiquity. 

Byzantine sources first refer to Parga in 1337 and most likely refer to the older settlement of the castle and not Paleoparga at Petzovolio. The settlement at its new position will have to deal this many perils during the passing of time.

For six years Parga will have to endure the rule of the thief Bogoi (who considered himself as of Alban – Serbian – Boulgarian – Vlahos decent). When he leaves he will request the protection of the Venetians. Their presence will be felt between the 15th and 18th centuries. Throughout this period Parga will be autonomous.

The raids and looting from land and sea will not cease during this period. Hairetin Varvarosa will be one of those who will loot her.

The situation stabilizes from the late 16th century to the late 18th century. Parga develops economically, and becomes a trade center. The old customs office (Dogana) at Valtos still exists up to this day. Dogana also served as a shelter and outpost for the ‘kleftes’ (rebels who fought against the rule of the Ottoman Empire). The water fountain and the house of Boukovala, along with the well of Androutso bear whiteness to this.

Parga will also stand by the fighters of Souli, as a result feel threatened by Ali Pasha. During this period of growth, Parga will be visited by Kosmas Etolos. As a result education will flourish. To name a few of the important educators of the time: Filotheos the Holy Monk, Andreas Idromenos, Christoforos Peraikos and Agapios Leonardo, etc.

In 1797 Venetian Rule is abolished by the French. With the treaty of “the 5th December 1815” Parga is passed over to Ali Pasha of the Ottoman Empire with the consent of the English who were protecting her at the time. 

A significant time in history the period 1816 – 1819 with the endless negotiations for compensation of the properties for those who decided to abandon their homeland for Corfu. With the dramatic climax on Good Friday the 15th April 1819, when they burn their dead before they leave for Corfu.

Ali Pasha brings Laliotes muslims and Christians from the center of Epirus to inhabit the almost deserted settlement. However the original inhabitants will return gradually to their homeland, up until February 1913 when Turkish rule ends.

Built on the fortress rock of the castle, and protected by the Petzovolio range from the northwest, from the late Byzantium era to our days Parga flourished.

To the west the Bay of Valtos stretches out with its golden sandy beaches  which lead to cape Cheladio where to this day one can see the ruins of the Monastery of Vlachernon (or St Vlacherna as referred to by the locals).

The sandy beach of Valtos continues all the way to Anthousa. In its path it passes through the fertile plains overgrown with olive and other fruit trees. 

When times were safe. The insane ownership laws of the castle drove the inhabitants to extend the settlement outside the walls around the Turkish bazaar to the southeastern side all the way up to Krioneri.

This is Parga today. She reveals herself to the visitor like a painting. This is more so if one visits the corner of Karidi or the bend of Lithitsa, or when one goes sight seeing on the ring road.

The architecture resembles that of the Ionian islands and is unlike that of mainland Epirus. The small houses have very little room for gardens. Locals though like to have plants in their small yards, flower beds or pots.

One enjoys to stroll upward through the small and narrow roads flooded with the scent of jasmine. As an old folk song says “….on the upward wall to Parga, cinnamon and carnations decorate all…”. To the north the endless dense olive plantations. On the other side, the countless boulders in the sea, strange water symphonies can be heard by the crashing waves.

It is worth while seeing the scenery of the sea. From the north you pass the imposing rock boat, the frightening Frangopidima, and St Sostis the Protector, resembling an odd umbrella over the Sarakiniko. From the south side passing Chagiopoulo, Monolitho and Pogonia, Skembi and Prioni, the vast pebble beach of Lichnos with its small caves, to end up at the closed bay of St Giannaki with the natural spring water bubbling at its center. This will be a unique experience.

Rich in her history and beauty Parga does not need the compliments of Homer to make her known. Perhaps his words will be out shadowed by her beauty.

The chronographer Pavlos Palaiologos wrote after visiting in 1964, “I can’t recall meeting such beauty in such small scale. All is magical. Don’t be afraid to exaggerate when talking about Parga. Whatever you say it will never be enough to describe her beauty. In a beauty contest she would certainly win first prize” .

We would say that one visit, one encounter will convince you. We recommend Parga all year round. She is beautiful in winter, which is very mild. In winter one can enjoy the clear sunrise or feel the awe by watching the sea during a stormy day.

Exquisite during spring, where in the haze the shapes merge together giving a soft tenderness to the colors.

The vigorous pace during the hot summer season is contrasted the tranquility of autumn when the first rains arrive. This will make the olive trees more silvery. The wind will blow softly and the land will fill with cyclamens.

Unique moments, filled with fragrances as sung by the poets. 

The history of parga was copied from the site of the Minicipality of parga http://www.parga.gr 

For more information about Parga contact the The Municipality of Parga
V. Vasilia Square – Post Code 48060 Parga – Greece
Tel. +30 26840.31034 – Fax +30 26840.31789
E-mail: info@parga.gr & parga@otenet

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  how to return to sivota

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How to return to Sivota after your visit to Parga

DIRECTIONS

Because there is not any signs in Parga to get to Sivota ,follow the instructions below to return to Sivota after your visit  to Parga

In front of the bus terminal in Parga,get on the road to Anthousa-Agia-Perdika-Sivota.

If you are holidaying in Parga and you like to visit Sivota follow the above directions.You can rent a car or motorbike and we advise you start in the morning so you have the whole day to explore this beautiful area.When in Sivota visit the port,the beautiful shops,and make sure you stop at Peters Art Gallery for “Original”Greek Jewellery and   art

“We always spent our holidays in Parga and we know Peter and his shop in Sivota
for very long time.Each year we come to Sivota from Parga to admire the objects
he collects during winter times. And each time we find and fall in love with something.
Only here, in his shop,there is always something original and we become enthusiastic over it.”

Mariella and Luciano Pedracini       Milan, Italy

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   Read more  COMMENTS about Peters Art Shop   from their customers.

When it is time to eat,there are many good Restaurants in Sivota,
also Grills serving Pita and other meats and fast-foods.

We recommend “Mediterraneo Restaurant”  

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Located beside Peters Art Gallery on your  left just before the port.  

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history of parga

     

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Sivota Restaurants

MEDITERRANEO RISTORANTE ITALIANO
In Sivota On the main road just before the port,beside Peters Art Gallery
 All of us from Mediterraneo Welcome you to Sivota and to our Restaurant in a pleasant atmosphare,with   friendly service,”Very Good Food” and some of the best Greek Wines
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We take pride at Mediterraneo to prepare our PIZZA and PASTA the traditional Italian way.
For info.Giorgio & Saki tel 0030/2665093060.
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RESTAURANT in Sivota ?

For Free advertise on this page.         contact  sivotaonline@hotmail.com

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 




 

 

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History of the Greek Wine

 

About the Greek Wine

wine2“The peoples of the Mediterranean began to emerge from barbarism when they learn to cultivate the olive and the wine”-Thucididis Greek historian 5th century B.C.

   The birth of “wine god” Dionysos

The dominant myth about the birth of Dionysos is that of Thebes.According to the myth Zeus and Semeli (King of Athens Kadmos΄s daughter)gave birth to Dionysos.Hera got upset with Zeus and in order to protect Dionysos from Hera,Hermes brought Dionysos to the Nymphs of Nissa.Silenus took care of Dionysos growing up in the middle of the forest.Dionysos raised up in the forest,loved nature and his beloved tree vine.Accompanied by Nymphs and satyr΄s he travelled around,teaching people how to cultivate vine.

History of Greek wine

Greece was the first country in Europe to make wine.Greeks stored and transported wines in airtight,ceramic vessels called amphorae.They also used a lebeling system similar to the one we have today.The amphorae had various shapes with two handles,and they were used to signify the city that produced and traded the particular wine.The amphorae had an inscription with the year of production and both handles were used to place the wine-makers stamp on one and the local ruler΄s stamp on the other.And this some three thousand years before wines with a controlled Appellation of origin apeared in countries of western Europe.And by the middle Ages Greece was said to be producing the best wine in the world,much in demand in the palaces of Venice.

Wondering how vines found their way to France and Italy?Credit the Greeks with their love of travel,creation of sturdy carruing containers,and of course their passion for the taste of choice-wine.Greeks loved wine.For them,it was a mark of culture.They looked down on those cultures who had not yet discovered wine.The Greek tradition of wine stretches back four thousand years.

Greeks became the best winemakers.Their travels and the colonisations of Mediterranean coasts set the beginning of modern viticulture and brought the wine to Southern Europe.Countries considered to have a tradition in wine production such as France,Italy,or Spain owe much to those untiring traders.It is sobering to reflect on the fact that the first vineyards in France those of the “Cotes du Rhone”,were established in the seventh century B.C.with varieties introduced by the Greeks which still today give the region its unique character.

The decline of wine cultivation started during the end of the Byzantine empire and grapevines were virtually vanished during the Ottoman empire.Greeks being under the Ottoman rule for five centuries lost their continuity tradition of wine cultivation.

Greece is no longer a power in the wine world.But in the past three decades,Greece has undergone a revolution in which quality,individuality and history are the hallmarks of a new generation of winemakers who trying to turn this around.  Hatzimichalis,Parparousis,Spiropoulos in 1973 Emery in 1974,Katsaros in 1978 and Semeli in 1979.Although the mainstream Greek consumer was still unready for boutique wines at the end of the decade,small production wine had great appeal to the most educated segment of the market.Upscale retailers and restaurants ,excited by the potential of new ,more expensive products ,leapt at the chance to participate in the new trend. By the eighties and early nineties,some assistance from the European Community had been realized.It was a boom period for small producers.The list of entrants reads like a who΄s who of the Greek wine revolution: Strofilia,Gentilini,Antonopoulos,Gerovasiliou,Frederico and Kostas Lazaridis, Merkouri, Tselepos, Megapanos, Papantonis, Oenoforos,Sigalas and Skouras.

Now,armed with an ocean of indigenous cultivars,a superior climate for grape growing ,and an abundance of brainpower and technological resourses, Greece has developed one of the most exciting wine industries  in the world.

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No less an authority than Jancis Robinson has described Greek wine as one of the “world΄s best secrets”.

About Retsina

Retsina is a wine with more than 2500 years history.

In the first century AD the Greek botanist Diodorus said Resinated wine is produced in different ways in different countries especially in France where it is used so the wine does not sour in their cold climate,and they add resin from pine trees.

The idea of resinating wine is assumed to have developed in ancient times when wine was stored and transported in jars or amphorae .As these were frequently not airtight, wine would have detoriorated quickly and, at some point, it was found that sealing the jars with a mixture of plaster and pine resin the wine remained in a much better condition. This in turn gave the wine its distinctive taste,Eventually the taste became a habit and people actually started to enjoy it.So much did resinated wine became part of their culture.

“To me Retsina is more than just wine; it is our last unbroken link with the wines of the ancient world”-Andrew Jefford.

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Epirus

   Province of Epirus  north-west  Greece by the Ionian Sea

On this page we post some photos from central Epirus.You can see the different landscape in only few hours drive from Sivota.Epirus has one of the most beautiful coastline in Greece,big mountains (Pindus mountain range),rivers with waters you can drink and ancient monuments.The absence of industries,makes Epirus one of the cleanest and unspoiled enviroment in southern Europe and a vacation playground for Greeks and Visitors alike.

 

 

 
 photos of some Epirus villages
see also photos of Gamila mountain and Dracolimni  lake in Zagori taken by Marc and Dominique

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The weather in Sivota and Corfu

  

                                
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